Wednesday, August 07, 2013

A Basic White Bread Recipe

Basic White Bread (Pizza dough)
From "A Short Course with King Arthur Flour in Baking with Yeast"
2 cups water (hot)
1 Tablespoon sugar or honey
1 Tablespoon or packet active, dry yeast
1 Tablespoon salt (or less if desired)
1 Tablespoon vegetable oil
1/2 cup dry milk (optional)
6 cups King Arthur unbleached flour

To the 2 cups of hot water, add and let dissolve in 3 successive stages, the sugar or honey, yeast, and salt. When all three are dissolved, add the dry milk, oil and 5 1/2 cups of flour. Pour the other 1/2 cup of flour on the board where you intend to knead.
***Some facts about dissolving yeast. The water should be about 110 degrees or less, otherwise the yeast will die. The yeast loves and grows on your sweetener that is why you add your sweetener first. Both salt and oil cause the yeast to stop growing, so you add these later.
If you knead the dough by hand,(you can bypass all of the kneading and put it into your kitchenaid mixer with the dough hook, then follow the same procedure for rising) you will knead it until the dough begins to feel "together", adding only enough more flour to keep it from sticking to the board or you. Let it rest while you clean and grease your bowl. Continue kneading the relaxed dough until it feels smooth and springy. Form it into a nice ball, place it in the greased bowl turning it so the top is greased, cover it, and place it where it will be warm and cozy (no drafts)let rise for about 45 minutes - 1 hour. When you can poke your finger int he dough without it bouncing back at you, knock it down, and form two balls to make loaves out of (or to make two pizzas). At this point, you will flatten them for pizza in the pizza pans. If you make loaves instead, place the two balls into grease loaf pans and let rise for another 30 minutes.

For Pizza, bake at 450 degrees for 15 minutes (20 if thicker crust).
For loaves, bake at (pre-heated) 350 degrees for 35 minutes.

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